What Is Platelets Rich Plasma and How Is It Used?

Posted on May 5, 2022

Platelet rich plasma therapy has many uses in the cosmetic and medical industry

Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is now being employed in a variety of medical sectors. Recently, there has been a surge of interest in the use of PRP in the cosmetic industry. In particular, PRP therapy is used in a variety of applications including tissue regeneration, wound healing, scar revision, skin rejuvenation, and even alopecia.

In a gist, PRP is defined as a component of the plasma fraction of one’s blood with a platelet concentration greater than the baseline. It is derived from patient blood taken prior to centrifugation. 

But what exactly is platelet rich plasma? How is it used? What are its applications?

In this article, I will talk about platelet rich plasma and how it is used. I will also discuss the risks and side effects of the therapy. 

What Is Plasma?

Plasma, often known as blood plasma, is the liquid component of blood. It acts as a transport channel for nutrients to the cells of the body’s organs and waste products created from cellular metabolism to the kidneys, liver, and lungs for elimination.

It also serves as a transport route for blood cells and is essential in maintaining proper blood pressure. Plasma aids in the distribution of heat throughout the body as well as the maintenance of homeostasis, or biological stability, which includes the acid-base balance in the blood and body.

Platelet rich plasma can treat several issues such as wrinkles and knee osteoarthritis. 

Platelet rich plasma can treat several issues such as wrinkles and knee osteoarthritis. 

Platelets are blood cells that help form blood clots to prevent bleeding.

What Are Platelets?

Platelets are microscopic blood cells that aid in the formation of clots in order to halt bleeding. When a blood artery in your body is injured, platelets rush to the location of the damage and form a plug or clot to repair the damage.

Adhesion is the process of spreading over the surface of a damaged blood artery to halt bleeding. This is due to the fact that when platelets reach the location of the damage, they form sticky tentacles that allow them to cling or adhere to one another.

They also emit chemical signals in order to recruit additional platelets. Aggregation occurs when new platelets gather onto the clot.

What Is Platelet Rich Plasma? 

Platelet-rich plasma is made up of two components: plasma, or the liquid portion of blood, and platelets, a kind of blood cell that aids in healing throughout the body. They are well-known for their ability to clot, but they also contain growth factors that can induce cell reproduction and tissue regeneration or healing in the treated region. Thus, platelet-rich plasma is simply blood with more platelets and growth factors than usual.

Clinicians take a blood sample from the patient and place it in a centrifuge, which quickly spins the sample. This separates the other components of the blood from the platelets, concentrating them inside the plasma.

Platelet rich plasma PRP can also be used along with other treatments such as radiofrequency skin tightening, laser skin resurfacing, and dermal fillers.   

A PRP treatment involves cells and platelets extracted from your own body.

A PRP treatment involves cells and platelets extracted from your own body.

PRP treatments help treat specific disorders involving soft tissue such as knee injuries.

Platelet Rich Plasma Injections: Do They Work? 

So far, research indicates that PRP hastens recovery after injury or surgery for specific disorders such as damaged tendons. In addition to aiding in the healing of damaged tissue, several studies demonstrate that platelet-rich plasma injections can reduce discomfort and improve mobility in persons with rotator cuff problems.

PRP injections also appear to reduce hair loss in men and women who have male or female pattern baldness. Moreover, PRP injections can reduce indications of aging, such as wrinkles and drooping skin.

PRP injections might take several weeks to begin functioning. It may take up to six months to detect the full impact of some illnesses, particularly those affecting the hair or skin. Some issues, such as hair loss, may require a repeat procedure to preserve the effects.

How Does Platelet Rich Plasma PRP Work? 

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy accelerates the repair of damaged tendons, ligaments, muscles, and joints by injecting a concentrated concentration of a patient’s own platelets. Platelet-rich plasma injections, in this way, employ each patient’s natural healing mechanism to alleviate musculoskeletal disorders and skin issues.

PRP injections are created by centrifuging one or several tubes of your own blood to concentrate its platelets. The said platelets are then injected straight into the target area. This triggers the production of growth factors, which stimulate and increase the number of reparative cells produced by your body.

Doctors use a concentration of platelets to treat athletes like Tiger Woods. 

Doctors use a concentration of platelets to treat athletes like Tiger Woods. 

A PRP injection can do wonders for your recovery.

What Is PRP Treatment Used For?

Here are the issues PRP therapy is commonly used for:

Musculoskeletal injuries and diseases

PRP therapy may be useful in the treatment of a variety of musculoskeletal injuries and diseases. Chronic tendon injuries, such as tennis elbow or jumper’s knee, can take a long time to heal. Hence, adding platelet-rich plasma needles to a therapy program can assist to stimulate the healing process, reduce discomfort, and allow for a quicker return to activities.

Platelet rich plasma therapy may help also treat osteoarthritis pain and stiffness by altering the joint environment and lowering inflammation, according to preliminary findings.

Post-Surgery Recovery

PRP injections were originally utilised by clinicians to hasten recovery after jaw or plastic surgery. Doctors now use post-surgical PRP injections to aid in the healing of muscles, tendons, and ligaments. It’s because treatments on these tissues are notoriously time-consuming.

Cosmetic Issues

Moreover, PRP enhances skin texture generally, reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles around the lips and eyes. It can also fill hollowing regions such as tear trough grooves, cheeks, and temples. PRP can also aid in the smoothing of acne and surgical scars. It takes roughly an hour to finish one session of PRP facial rejuvenation or vampire facial

PRP Therapy Risks and Side Effects

A PRP injection is a low-risk technique that seldom results in serious adverse effects. Since a PRP treatment involves your own blood sample, you must stay hydrated and eat before the treatment. This prevents you from feeling lightheaded during the said procedure. 

Because a PRP injection is composed of your own cells and plasma, the risk of adverse response is substantially lower than that of other injectable substances. The following are some of the less prevalent hazards of PRP therapy:

  • Bleeding
  • Discomfort
  • Bruising

To minimise the risks, PRP therapy must be done with the top skin clinics in London.  

Doctors use a PRP treatment to heal people with chronic diseases like osteoarthritis.

Doctors use a PRP treatment to heal people with chronic diseases like osteoarthritis.


Platelet rich plasma therapy is being employed as a treatment option for a variety of diseases and issues such as wound healing and aesthetic medicine. It can help you recover faster and better.

Do you want to know what PRP can exactly do for you? Contact us and book a consultation with Dr. Julian De Silva now!  

Dr. Julian De Silva, Medical Director

About the Author

Dr Julian De Silva is a leading facial plastic surgeon that specialises only in surgical and non-surgical facial procedures. Dr. De Silva has considerable experience in cosmetic and reconstructive facial surgery from fellowships in London, Los Angeles, and New York. He is one of a handful of elite surgeons to be recognised with British, European and American qualifications, memberships and board certification.

About Dr De Silva | Dr Julian De Silva's Google Scholar

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